The Nobel Women's Initiative's First International Conference: Women Redefining Peace in The Middle East & BeyondMonday, July 26 2010
(Dublin, Ireland, 1 June 2007) Press Release
Tackling Violence against Women and in Peace Advocacy*
The women recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize have said that they intend to use their collective voice to advocate for a more prolific role for women in securing peace and combating violence around the globe.
Speaking at the conclusion of the first international conference of the Nobel Women's Initiative
<HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/about.php> in Ireland, today (01.06.07), the Nobel Laureates said that heretofore women's work in building peace was marginalised and largely unrecognised. They said it was now their intention to leverage the prestige of the Nobel Prize to focus on violence against women, and advocate for recognition of the many ways in which women prevent, combat and survive violence.
The Nobel Women's Initiative, which was established in 2006, comprises six out of the seven living women Nobel Laureates. The only Laureate unable to join the initiative is Aung San Suu Kyi
<HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/about.php\?WEBYEP_DI=11>, who is still imprisoned in Burma.
This week in Ireland the Initiative held its first conference on the theme of "Women Redefining Peace: The Middle East and Beyond". It was held in closed session and was attended by over 70 women from around the globe, including human rights activists, disarmament experts and ex-political prisoners.
According to Nobel Laureate, Prof Jody Williams HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/about.php\?WEBYEP_DI=5 (USA, 1997), arising from our deliberations in Ireland this week, we feel strongly mandated by some of the most prolific women peace activists to advocate at the highest level for greater roles for women in achieving peace and combating violence.
"Women are often the faceless and voiceless victims of conflict. Gender inequality is the root cause of this. Governments and those in positions of power are reluctant to face this down, and as a result, when women articulate their concerns and try to negotiate resolutions, they are mostly ignored.
"Over the coming weeks and months, the women Nobel Laureates will be making representations to Governments and global institutions to realise the important contribution that women can play in combating violence and securing peace."
During its first year, the Nobel Women's Initiative has been particularly concerned about the mounting challenges that face women in the Middle East, and in particular in Iran and Lebanon. In August, Nobel Laureate, Dr Shirin Ebadi
<HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/about.php\?WEBYEP_DI=1> (Iran, 2003) and her colleagues were threatened with prosecution for carrying out their human rights work. Furthermore, earlier this year, Iran Authorities blocked access to the website of a landmark campaign HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/news.php\?WEBYEP_DI=99, initiated by women, to collect one million signatures demanding and end to legal discrimination against women in Iranian law.
According to Williams, the hostilities and serious threats that are being experienced by women in Iran is just one demonstration of how women's engagement in peace resolution is hampered. "We realise that events such as those in Iran are not isolated. Our ability to confront such actions against women requires us to engage with Governments and work as a strong global force with other women so that we can strengthen our response strategies."
Addressing today's event in Dublin, Ebadi said that she felt that despite the difficulties she and her colleagues faced in Iran, there was some reason to be optimistic. "From our deliberations at our conference this week, we feel that Iran and the wider Middle East can act as an important model for how women's rights, human security and peace issues can be addressed globally. We are a live example of applying different approaches in dealing effectively with fundamentalism and securing rights for women. As our work continues in the Middle East, we can create models of best practice that can hopefully be applied by women in other global settings.
"Apart from creating best-practice approaches to conflict resolution, we are also cognisant o the fact that women are victims of violence, be it through rape, beatings or honour killings. A big part of the work that we now will undertake as Nobel Laureates is to highlight this violence and secure actions by Government to protect women from such abuses."
Today's event was also addressed by Nobel Laureates, Betty Williams
<HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/about.php\?WEBYEP_DI=4> and Mairead Corrigan Maguire <HtTp://www.nobelwomensinitiative.org/about.php\?WEBYEP_DI=10> (Ireland, 1976). According to Mairead Corrigan Maguire, "it is by no means insignificant that Ireland was selected as the location of the first international conference of the Nobel Women?s Initiative. For three decades, women in Northern Ireland have played a consistent and progressive role in securing a lasting settlement. Our work can hopefully act as an inspiration to other women who are living in conflict situations. The recent achievement of a devolved government in Northern Ireland is a demonstration that efforts can be rewarded. And while significant credit has gone to the main power-brokers in securing this devolution, the role which women in Northern Ireland played at all levels cannot be underestimated."
OpenDemocracy.net covered the conference in a series of podcasts, blogs and articles by participants which are being published on openDemocracy.net. Visit: www.opendemocracy.net